Salvia Study Group of Victoria

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 New Salvia Manual  and other books are now available: see Books

 

                        Plant Information

 SEED LISTING                               

Salvia Seed Available

Salvia seed is collected in the summer months. All seed is kept as fresh as possible. Seed is still available from the summer season which has been collected and cleaned from this season of Dec 11 / Jan, Feb2012.

Payment for seed ordered can be by either a money order through the Post Office or Bank or by Money gram for overseas people.

To make the order worthwhile, the order must be $12.00 Aus. or more.

Seed will be sent as soon as possible from when the order is received.

See instructions on seed raising in the propagation notes.

See list of seed in colour order below propagation notes.

 Any plant that produces seed has the potential to become a weed in an ideal environment, but few gardens have ideal soil. Most gardeners enjoy self seeding plants and all Salvias are easy to pull out if found where they are not wanted.                                                                                            

 NOTES ON PROPAGATION :      

Salvias are reasonably easy to propagate and vegetatively is by far the best method to obtain multiple plants, it also ensures that the species you are dealing with comes true to form.

CUTTINGS

Best times are generally Spring, Autumn and Winter for large leaf varieties, small leaved Salvias are best taken in Spring and Summer or when the sap is "running"

.

Tip Cuttings: Young growth, where stems have not hardened too much (stem flexible without snapping). There is a lot of success when the stem is cut through the node, this really helps with hollow stem varieties.

Side Shoots: Small side shoots can also be taken and young growth from the base of the plant, this applies to all bushy, herbaceous and tall shrubby species.

Division:  Herbaceous perennials and basal clumps can be divided after the worst of winter and as the new shoots start to appear. Divide clumps either in half or quarters, depending on size and quantity of  new shoots.

Seeds:  While this may bring quick results in propagation for mass quantity it is not always the best method if you are wanting a plant species to come 'true'.

Cross pollination can lead to many varied cultivars and hybrids. Not all salvias cross, there are

many that do come true from seed. 

Sow seed in Spring to Autumn, in friable soil, sow seed directly on top of soil, don’t cover with soil, keep moist but not wet and warm but not hot, best in filtered light. Cover pot with fly wire to protect germinating seed from being eaten.

Seed Germination Tips:

Often some seeds can be difficult to germinate without a little help. But a tip use frequently by someone who raises quite a lot of seed. This person uses Epsom Salts. She puts a teaspoon of Epsom Salts in a spray bottle full of water to dissolve, spraying the pots immediately after sowing and once or twice before germinating, but not after they have started to appear. The Magnesium in the salts must help the seed to overcome dormancy.

Smokey Water:

Smokey water is often used in the form of diluted Regen 2000 Smoke Master solution from TREEMAX. This is often used by Nurseries and Botanic Gardens  to help overcome the dormancy in some very difficult seeds.

NOTES ON PRUNING      

Tip pruning for compact growth, at any time after planting out.

Most salvias can be pruned back by 1/3 after flowering, removing spent flowering stems as they finish can result in a second flush of flowers.

Heavier pruning will eventually be needed, this is best done by removing the oldest stems or if you are unsure, cut out every 2nd or 3rd stem.

Many salvias will show signs of new growth lower down the stems, after the flowering season has finished, this can be a good indication of where to prune.

Some salvias can die off  if pruned too hard when there are no signs of regrowth along the stems especially with the tropical species.

Herbaceous perennials are cut down after they have finished flowering when the  plants start to look shabby.

 

Salvia Seed Available

Red Salvias

S.subrotunda: -Some might call this Salvia an annual in cold areas, but in warm or temperate areas, it's a lovely open shrub that flowers non stop all year. It produces new buds, open flowers and spent flowers all at the same time, in this way it is able to flower constantly.

Flowers are a small tubular red / vermillion colour with a long flower stem held above the leaves, that attract the bees. It grows approx 60 x 40cm

Leaves are a broad mid green cordate shape with a thin texture. It is best planted en mass to have the best effect.

S. gesneriiflora: This is a tall winter flowering Salvia with erect branches to 3m. It produces beautiful large red / vermillion tubular corolla's with a green calyx. Although it can flower on and off during the year, it mainly flowers in the winter.

Leaves are hairy with a broad cordate shape. Makes a good screen and helps to ward off possums. It can be planted in a sunny or shady position at the back of the bed.

S. 'Red Beacon': A small sun loving tough shrub to 60 x 60cm. The flowers are a good post box red that flower all year. Leaves are a mid green lanceolate shape with a thin texture and slightly wavy. Good in the front either in a row or as a single plant - touhg and hardy when established.

S. greggii ' Crimsom & Black':  A small open shrub to 40 cm which produces crimson flowers on a dark flower stem and very dark calyxes.

Leaves are a typical greggii leaf, long and slender and slightly wavy. This needs to be planted in among other small white or purple shrubs to get the best out of the growth habit.

Very attractive and eye catching especially if there are a few planted together.

S. greggii 'Furnam's Red' :. A small compact sun loving tough shrub to 40 cm. It produces small lineal leaves and scarlet red flowers with dark calyxes and flower stems. This clipps well as a hedge, producing flowers all year.

 

Blue / Purple Salvias

S.napifolia – A herbaceous perennial that forms a compact rosette of hairy lyrate shaped leaves, growing to approx. 30cm. Flowering in late spring / summer, it forms dense whorls of pale lavender flowers, which last through out the season. Although small, they produce good quantities of seed. This needs to be planted en mass for a good show.

S. lyrata  ( Green or Dark leaf varieties) - please specify which is wanted when ordering.

This is a small clumping perennial, excellent for a border plant. It is mainly grown for it's leaves than for it's flowers. The green variety produces large broad leaves about 6 - 8 cm x 4 -6 cm, these have lovely dark lyre markings along the veins. The dark leaf variety has a reddish underside, making a lovely leafy plant for the border. Both varieties send up many stems to 20 - 30 cm and produce copious amounts of seed. The flowers on both are a pale blue, the flowers on the green variety are often gone before they are seen, the flowers on the dark leaf variety stay longer, but also go very quickly, but the produce interesting seed heads.

S.verticillata - Another herbaceous perennial that makes a soft clump, growing to about 30 cm. The leaves are very broad and hairy. The stems are also hairy. Late spring, will see flower stems appearing with masses of pale blue small flowers in tight whorls along the flower head. The bees enjoy the flowers, and when finished they produce attractive calyces with copious amounts of seed.

S.macrophylla -  A low growing tropical shrub to 1 - 1.2m H, with large hairy mat green leaves, approx 12 - 15 cm x 12cm. Growing upright, it produces panicles of true blue flowers. The flowers are tubular with the lower lip curled back to show the stamens which are exerted very well.

A lovely shrub, but needs shelter from hot winds and hot days.

S.mexicana 'Limelight'- This is one of the first large leaf Autumn flowering Salvias, making a magnificent display of large purple/blue tubular flowers in lime green/yellow  calyces.

Growing to 2.5mH and spreading, it looks magnificent when in flower. When not in flower, the leaves are a broad cordate shape that has a blue hue and a pale felty underneath. The new growth has a whitish appearance. This performs best in a sheltered position. Although coming from a cool rainforest, it doesn't like the really cold weather, especially if exposed. It will tolerate a good amount of sun but doesn't like to be dry .

A good screening plant for neighbours, fence or a shed.

S. somalensis - A medium upright shrub, growing to approx 1.2 - 1.5 m H. A tough frost hardy shrub with light green oval leaves that clothe the stem all the way to the base. The leaves are long, leathery  with a pleasant fragrance.

Flowers are pale blue in a panicle at he top of the bush, flowering in late spring through to autumn. Although drought hardy, it enjoys being watered, but must have good drainage.  A good middle to background plant in full sun.

S. scabra - A small tough frost hardy Sth African Salvia, ideal for hedges, large pots or mass planted in the front of the bed. The leaves are lobed, leathery and dark green. Flowers are a long tubular mauve flower that flowers freely from spring til autumn.

S. virgata - A herbaceous perennial, producing a rosette of leaves. Leaves are broad and rounded at the apex. Flower spikes of approx 40cm are sent up fairly soon after the plant has come up and started to grow in spring. Flowers are a mauve / purple/ pale blue.

Easily grown, makes a good foreground splash of colour when massed planted.

S. miltiorhiza - A Chinese herbaceous Salvia, only growing to 20 cm H. The leaves are trifoliate, forming an open rosette of dark green leaves. Very attractive. In late spring, it sends up a flower stem which produces tiny pale blue flowers - very delicate, very attractive.

It is best grown in the shade, under a tree or in a pot, so it can't be lost.

S.plectranthoides: A Chinese  herbaceous Salvia, growing to 20cm. Leaves are a broad trifoliate shape with crenations along the edge and a pointed apex. It is similar to but different from S. miltiorhiza. Flower stems are held high above the leaves, with masses of tiny blue flowers in late spring/ early summer - very attractive. Best grown in the shade, under a tree or in a pot.

S.repens: A tough ground cover from South Africa. It forms a neat clump of rough mid green leaves, growing to 10cm. It loves the sun, it grows well in gravel areas, in pots or at the front of a bed. it is ideal for those hot spots in the garden

Flowers are held well above the leaves. Plenty of sky blue flowers are produced in Summer, producing masses of seed.

S. muellerii: A small upright open perennial, 40 -60 cm. Leaves are small, dark green, triangular and wavy. Flowers are a beautiful violet, held high above the foliage, flowering all year. Sun loving and tough. This can spread slightly to form a nice clump.

S. 'Christine Yeo': An open sprawling small shrub to 40 cm, ideal to fill an empty space quickly. Leaves are small mid green, rugose and triangular. Flowers are a more mauve than pink. A good tough sun loving plant that forms a good clump. A possible cross from S. chamaedryoides.

S. coahulensis: A lovely clumping groundcover to 10cm. Leaves are long, thin and lineal. Flowers are a dark blue purple with a dark flower stem, but all other stems are green, often mistaken for S. 'Navajo Purple' which is very similar. Sun loving and tough. Plant either to form a clump or as a groundcover in front of Roses or other shrubs.

S. canariensis: A large shrub to 2-2.5m with very interesting leaves. This produces large rugose hastate shaped leaves of a grey / green colour.

Flowers are a mauve pink in a loose configuration at the top of each branch in late spring/ summer

A good mid or background shrub that loves the sun and is heat and frost tolerant.

S. macrophylla x rumicifolia: A very large robust shrub to 2 x 2m. Leaves are large, being a combination of rumicifolia and macrophylla shaped leaves - just as sticky as macrophylla.

Flowers are the true blue of both parents, the same shape and size as macrophylla.

Frost tender, best planted at the back of the bed or by the fence. Beautiful background shrub.

Pink Salvias

 

 S. viscosa - A tough herbaceous perennial that produces large lobed rugose leaves to form a large rosette. This can be grown in a slightly drier sunny  position.

Spring, it sends up a tall spike to 60 -80 cm H of beautiful maroon flowers with a white throat.

The stem is quite sticky. This can self seed, but most people use this plant on masse for a wonderful effect.

S. dolicantha: A herbaceous perennial, appearing in spring with felty grey / green leaves on long stems. Growing to 10-20cm, it is best grown in a pot or under a tree en mass.

It produces pale pink flowers and large seed. Very attractive plant.

S. buchananii: A dainty small perennial that can form a small clump by gradually spreading- certainly no nuisance. Growing to 10cm with thick ish dark green leaves and a beautiful magenta flower well above the foliage that is velvety, no wonder that called it 'Velvet Slipper'. This is ideal for a pot or as a border in a sunny sheltered area. It doesn't like dry, nor does it like wet feet. It may die down in very cold areas. A parent to 'Wend'y Wish' - beautiful

S. mic.'Cyclamen.: A small spreading perennial/shrub, growing 40 -60cm x 60 -1m. A good filler for those large areas and can be held in check by easily pulling out the unwanted stems.

Leaves are a typical microphylla type leaf - large light green triangular/ heart shaped leaves and large cyclamen coloured flowers. Flowers all year.

S.'Pink Blush': Very similar to 'Cyclamen' in growth habit and size and the flower colour, but the leaves are oval / oblong. Flowers all year.

S. sclarea: A herbaceous/ biennial from  Asia Minor area and as such doesn't actually die down in winter, but does form a rosette type growth of large greyish rugose leaves and producing one or two magnificent stems of flowers. The mauve / pink bracts remain on the stem. giving added colour to the blue lip and white hooded flower. Very elegant. The leaves have a strong scent - some dislike this, while others think that this a sage small. Often used medicinally. It is usually grown from seed.

S. lanceolata: A tough heat and frost shrub from Sth Africa. Growing to 1m, it is best to keep it clipped to keep it compact and tidy. Leaves are grey, slightly lobed and slightly thick textured. Flowers are magnificent, being a mushroom pink with a long hood that is held wide open to reveal the blue stamens tucked inside. The calyx is burgundy vase shaped and is very attractive and long lasting after the flower has dropped. Very tough shrub.

S.greggii 'Sierra Pink': A small shrub to 40 cm with typical greggii leaves and light pink flowers with a white marking at the throat. This flowers all year and makes a wonderful bright addition to the border. Also very tough, especially if not allowed to get too woody or spindly.

S. curviflora: An interesting shrub to 1m. Growing upright it produces a lot of foliage at the top of the stems in what look like bunches of leaves. Leaves are a mid green slender lanceolate shape and produce beautiful sprays of clear cerise tubular flowers - this make sa wonderful sight - very attractive. It is frost tender, so grow in a sheltered sunny position, can take semi shade, doing best in the middle of the bed or behind a hedge. Very attractive.

S. viscosa: A herbaceous perennial, forming large rugose leaves in a rosette formation. Leaves are long, thickly rugose and gently lobed. Flowers appear on a one or two stems well above the foliage. The flower stem is quite sticky, but the maroon coloured flowers are small and very pretty with their white markings near the throat - hardy and very attractive, especially if in a row at the front of a bed.

S. greggii 'Raspberry Royale': A small compact shrub to 40cm with typical greggii leaves. This is often confused with 'Furnam's Red', but the leaves are slightly wider and longer. The flowers are slightly wider and are pink - not red/ crimson while the flower stem is dark but not as dark as the former salvia. Flowers all year, makes a good hedge or fore ground plant. Tough and loves the sun

S. chiapensis: A very tropical looking slender shrub growing to 60cm. The shiny dark green leaves are act as a foil for the beautiful cerise flowers arching on long stems above the foliage. A frost tender plant that likes either a semi shaded or a sunny sheltered position. Excellent to brighten up a dark corner, but should be regularly clipped to keep bushy.

White & Yellow Salvias

S. apiana: A very allusive plant, which is not readily propagated from cuttings, but easily from seed. Silvery grey leaves that form a rosette, becoming smaller as they climb the flower stem.

Tall flower stems to 1-1.2m H producing beautiful white butterfly type flowers. The bees love this plant. It must have very good drainage and full sun. Flowers in the summer producing copious amounts of seed.

S. glutinosa: An Asian herbaceous Salvia with hastate leaves, very indented along the edges. Growing to 20 - 30 cm when grown well. Flower stems produce pale yellow flowers in summer, these have purple/ brown markings on the lower lip, on the "Bee Line", leading the bee to the nector. A very interesting plant to grow, very eye catching with those shaped leaves.

S. aurea: A large tough shrub from South Africa with small roundish leaves that can be either greyish green or green.

Flowers start as a pale yellow bud and evolve into a magnificent brick orange/ terracotta coloured flower that has a long open hood. these form in a star shape at the top of the branches, so the whole bush looks smothered with these orange flowers. The bees and birds love this shrub.

it grows up to approx 2m in a very rounded shape, which is best trimmed to keep it's shape.

Grow in full sun in any of those hot spots, but must have good drainage and not be crowed in by other shrubs. Big, beautiful and tough.

S. aurita var galpinnii: An interesting shrubby groundcover that sprawls everywhere but makes an excellent ground buffer fortrees and other shrubs in windy areas. Leaves are a bright green, hairy and well lobed shape. Flowers are small and white. Frost tender, likes a sheltered position in the shade or semishade. Doesn't like to dry out. Very useful plant.

S. mic. 'Iced Lemon': A good compact small shrub to 40cm. Leaves are a typical microphylla shape, but the very dark flower stems act beautifully against the pale yellow flowers - beautiful.

S. pratensis 'Swan Lake': A herbaceous rosette perennial from Europe. Long leaves that have very pointed tips, a nice mid green colour and produce one or two stems of pure white flowers to approx 20cm. The stem is filled with small flowers. Best planted in groups in the front of the bed.

S. greggii 'Alba': A compact small shrub to 40 cm. Leaves are typical greggii shaped leaves. Flowers are pure white and flower all year. Loves the sun, tough, hates wet feet, makes a good hedge or plants dotted through the front border.

S. 'Snow White': This is a progeny of greggii 'alba' but is a x. The shrub grows to 60cm, it has a more open habit of growth, leaves are much bigger, longer and shiny. The leaves show it's parent. Flowers are pure white, being the same as the parent. Good behind a hedge or dotted along the border.

 

 

                              SEED ORDER FORM

 

Name ………………………………………………………………………

Address…………………………………………………………………..

Email address ……………………………………. Phone ………………

 

                                       Name of Salvia

Pkts  

   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   

 

PAYMENT  can be either Cheque,( made out to the HSOV Salvia Study Group )

Money Order, or Money Gram for overseas orders.

Each Pkt  of seed is $3.00. To make the order worthwhile, orders over $12.00 Aus should be given 

SEND TO : 844 Highbury Rd, Glen Waverly, 3150 , Victoria, Australia 

Email : highcon@hotkey.net.au